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Stephen Fox D.M.D. | Member American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry

Classification of Teeth

The classification of bites are broken up into three main categories: Class I, II, and III.

This classification refers to the position of the first molars, and how they bite together.

CLASS I

Class I is a normal relationship between the upper and lower teeth and jaws, or balanced bite.

Class I - Normal

Class I - Crowding

Class I - Spacing

CLASS II

Class II is where the lower first molar is posterior ( or more towards the back of the mouth) than to the upper first molar. In this abnormal relationship, the upper front teeth and jaw project further forward than the lower teeth and jaw. There is a convex appearance in profile with a receding chin and lip. Class II problems can be due to insufficient growth of the lower jaw, an overgrowth of the jaw, or a combination of the two. In many cases, Class II problems are genetically inherited, and be aggravated by environmental factors such as finger sucking. Class II problems are treated with growth redirection to bring the upper and lower teeth and jaws into harmony.

Class II - Division 1

Class II - Division 2

CLASS III

Class III is where the lower first molar is anterior ( or more towards the front of the mouth) than the upper first molar. In this abnormal relationship, the lower teeth and jaw project further forward than the upper teeth and jaws. There is a concave appearance in profile with a prominent chin. Class II problems are usually due to an overgrowth in the lower jaw, an undergrowth of the upper jaw, or a combination of the two. Like Class II problems, they can be genetically inherited.

Class III - Functional or Dental

Class III - Skeletel